On this day in 1881, the United States became the first nation in the world to enact a national lynching law.
It is now the only nation in modern history to be investigated for its treatment of its own citizens.
But the law’s real legacy has been to increase the number of crimes committed against Americans.
More: The murder rate for 1881 was 6.3 per 100,000 inhabitants.
By 2018, it was 13.9 per 100 in the US and 12.9 in the UK.
The rise in killings over that period is not due to a lack of crime.
A similar increase has occurred over the last 40 years, according to a report by the University of Michigan.
That report, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, found that violent crime rates have been rising at a rate of 2.7 per 100 million population for more than a decade.
In 2018, the US experienced the second-highest rate of violent crime in the developed world, behind only China, with 3.7 murders per 100 billion population.
“There is a real pattern here, where we are seeing more and more violence being committed, particularly against young people,” said Michael Kinsley, the chief research officer at the Violence Policy Center, a Washington-based research organisation.
“We are seeing an increase in homicides.”
There is a big difference between a crime committed by a violent individual and an act of violence committed by another person.
“The first time I met a young man who had been shot in the head, I couldn’t believe it,” Kinsly said.
“And then he said, ‘I think I’ve been shot.'”
In some ways, the violence in the United Sates is a direct reflection of the violent backlash against the white male-dominated, patriarchal society that has gripped the US.
“What’s happening in the African-American community is an example of that, too,” said Kinslley.
“This is a place where you see this growing gap between white and black people, between the wealthy and the poor, and so the people who are feeling it the most are those who are the least able to protect themselves.”
The racial disparity in violent crime is not unique to the United State.
In some cities, such as Chicago, murders are so high that it is difficult to accurately determine whether they are racially motivated or not.
In New York City, a study found that the rate of murder was higher among black men than white men in 2011 and 2012.
In 2013, the city of Los Angeles reported the highest rate of fatal shootings of African Americans in 20 years.
“When you think about the racial disparities in violence, it becomes even more clear that what’s going on in the black community is very, very different than the violent violence that’s going around the country,” Kyslley said.
One of the biggest factors in rising murder rates is the “gun culture”.
In the US, more guns are being sold online and in more locations, increasing the chances of being shot and killed.
The National Institute of Justice recently estimated that the number for self-defense and self-defence is at a record high, with almost 10,000 people killed by their own firearms each day.
This includes the killings of three men and one woman in Detroit and the killings at the end of last year of two men and three women in St Louis, Missouri.
Gun violence is the fourth leading cause of death in the nation, behind car crashes, heart disease and lung cancer.
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